March 26, 2023


Computers have evolved several times since they have been invented. It started from first generation which used vacuum tubes the fifth, the current generation of computers. The current generation of computers use artificial technology and ULSI technology. The second generation of computers used consisted of transistors instead of vacuum tube. The third generation of computers used integrated circuits technology, and the fourth generation of computer used microprocessor. The generation of computers got advanced with time making them more efficient with time. The current generation of computers which is fifth generation uses AI and ULSI technology.

ULSI and artificial technology 

The primary goal of introducing this ULSI approach was to enhance artificial intelligence technology and install it in the current generation of computers, therefore increasing the sophistication of such machines. It also makes it possible for people to utilise the current generation of computers. In many real-world scenarios that call for human intelligence and expertise, AI-integrated systems are used and provide a variety of advantages.

When a scenario calls for human intervention or when the instructions are subject to change, an AI system can function well. However, they are unable to adjust to the requirement for tacit understanding since speaking with others and recognising form and speech are two ways that humans might acquire tacit knowledge in natural language.

Mainframe of ULSI

One of the key branches of the ULSI technology-based computer systems of this generation, which contributes to the advancement and increased usage of computers, is artificial intelligence. AI applications come in a variety of forms, such as navigation and search. Artificial intelligence also has characteristics like image processing and video analysis. It is anticipated that AI will automate practically all computer system functions.

SSD storage is present in the ULSI-based systems and is usable. Compared to other storage options, it is speedier. A few other technologies are also being developed. Therefore, these computers are waiting for more sophisticated storage systems.

Advantages and disadvantages of Current generation 

 The current generation computers are far quicker and more sophisticated than earlier models. Current generation computers are more helpful for gaming, medicine, and robotics thanks to artificial intelligence. They employ graphics cards for gaming, which offer extremely high speed and performance. The creation of current computers is intended to handle complex scenarios, such as the functioning of natural language. Current generation computers are simple to maintain and move around. Its size makes it transportable.

Like every technology, the ULSI system has disadvantages. Since the ULSI system is more effective and can manage the job of several employees, there is a concern of unemployment. Since we are fully aware of the functions that a computer is capable of performing, profit-making businesses utilise ULSI systems instead of humans because of their multitasking capabilities, which make them more efficient and less expensive.

Third generation of computers 

The third generation of computers was significantly smaller than the previous generations and was based on ICs (integrated circuits), which were utilised to minimize the size of computers. Additionally, it was more sophisticated than earlier generations.

Integrated circuits (IC) were widely employed in computers at the time and throughout the following 50 years; hence, the majority of the computers you see now had their origins in the third generation.

There were also draw backs to the third generation of computers. Third generation of computers were still huge in size. The third generation of computers required a formal training in order to use them. It required skilled workers for the maintenance of third generation of computers which made it costly. Third generation of computers was also expensive as it was a new technology and making it required highly skilled labor.

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